Tor vs VPN: What are the major differences between the two?

Browsing the internet without the use of any secure channel like best VPN or TOR is not at all safe these days. With the increase in the number of cybercrimes every year despite regular efforts of government organizations to stop them, the cybercrimes are still increasing. The hackers are finding new ways of phishing or hacking into the personal information of the users browsing the internet. It has become hard to browse the internet freely. You are under surveillance 24X7. Not only hackers are trying to enter into your network, your ISP is also tracking your each and every activity.

This is the reason why most of the people are switching to VPN or TOR. But the big question here comes is, which one is good to browse through the internet? This is why we have come up with a post Tor vs VPN. It will help you to find the differences between the two and choose the best medium to access the deep web and surface web.

What is Tor?

What is TOR?

What is TOR?

In the late 90s and early 80s, Tor was believed to be the securest means to transfer the information on the internet. It was initially used by the US defence to transfer important information across the internet from one department to other. Soon, the top universities in the US started using TOR and it spread to other parts of the world as well. Tor is one of the means to access the internet anonymously without revealing your identity on the internet.

What is a VPN?

VPN

VPN

VPN or a Virtual Private Network took away the popularity of TOR as it was faster and came with better features. A VPN is a group of virtual servers that are connected to a network to carry the user information across a secure tunnel. The VPN is much reliable than TOR when it comes to speed, uptime, and geo-restrictions.

Let’s go through this brief post on Tor vs VPN and find out some of the major differences between Tor and VPN alongside.

The Working

Tor: Tor is a decentralized system that allows the users to connect to desired servers by getting connected via a network of relays. The traffic coming from the user end is directed through different nodes. Each node knows the IP address of adjacent nodes. So, it is next to impossible to track the actual path of the information.

VPN: A VPN is created by establishing the point to point connection virtually. This virtual connection is established through a gateway by use of dedicated servers, traffic encryption, and virtual tunnelling protocols. The original IP address of the user is replaced by a random IP address of a VPN server once the user selects the server for the connection. The user can then browse the internet without revealing his identity.

Verdict: TOR is much safer than VPN as it is hard to crack through different nodes and steal the user information. IN case of VPN, a hacker can get hold of a server and see what user is transferring. Still, it is hard to steal the information from a VPN server.

Encryption & Speed

TOR: As talked earlier, encryption in TOR is routed through different nodes and relays before it is actually decrypted and sent to the destination. This means that Node 2 only knows the IP address of adjacent nodes. Node 4 doesn’t know the IP address of Node 2. SO, the last node can never know the IP address of the first node. This makes it impossible to crack the data passing through a TOR network. The only downfall is its slow speed.

VPN: Though VPN makes use of strong encryption, it is still easier to get hold of the information transferred over a VPN network as compared to TOR. Most of the VPN providers make use of military-grade AES 256-bit encryption and OpenVPN protocol to encrypt user data when the user chooses to connect to a VPN server. A VPN is much faster than TOR as multiple nodes are not involved.

Verdict: If you have all the time in the world, you can definitely go for TOR. But if you want quick access to the internet and good speed transfer, VPN should be your first choice.

Geo Restrictions

TOR: You can only access the desired websites with TOR if the exit node is in the preferred country where the site you are browsing is not blocked. Tor is unable to bypass Geo-restrictions in smaller countries.

VPN: All you have to do is connect to a server of a country where the site you are accessing is not blocked. In this way, you can access almost every website you are looking to access.

 

Verdict: You can always use a VPN if you are looking to bypass the geo-restriction. In case of Tor, you might not be able to bypass the geo-restrictions easily because of its node structure.

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